Groundwater sampling training for Moldovan groundwater experts in the Agency of Geology and Mineral Resources. Moldova, 16/10/18.

In the framework of the EU funded project European Union Water Initiative Plus for the Eastern Partnership (EUWI + 4 EaP) the Umweltbundesamt GmbH / Environmental Agency of Austria has organized a groundwater sampling training for Moldovan groundwater experts. The target audience was personnel, which is responsible for carrying out groundwater sampling within national groundwater monitoring activities.

The training aimed at improving quality assurance and quality control in groundwater sampling and covered aspects of: planning sampling campaigns, field work and measurements according to international standards, treatment of samples, logistics with the laboratory and possible mistakes and their implications on the analytical results. The theoretical training was accompanied by a practical training with the own equipment of the SE “Hydrogeology Expedition of Moldova“, which is responsible for the groundwater survey in the Danube-Prut and Black Sea River District.

The theoretical part of the groundwater sampling training was held at the premises of the Agency of Geology and Mineral Resources in Chisinau on the 16th of October 2018. The practical training was implemented at a monitoring well near the city of Ialoveni which is southwest of Chisinau.

The very first Management Plan of the Danube-Prut and Black Sea Hydrographic Basin District has been approved

The very first River Basin Management Plan (RBMP) for the Danube-Prut and Black Sea River Basin District, was approved by Governmental Decision of Republic of Moldova on 3 of October 2018. The plan was initially developed with the support of EU regional project "Transboundary River Basin Environmental Protection (EPIRB)" in 2016 and further updated with the help of EUWI plus East project in fruitful cooperation with main beneficiary Ministry of Agriculture, Regional Development (MARDE) and Environment and Agency “Apele Moldovei” (AAM).

The RBMP was prepared according to the approaches and methodology proposed in the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) and Water Law of Republic of Moldova no. 272 of 23.12.2011. The aim of the Management Plan is to improve the proper use of water resources according principles of WFD. The plan is intended for all authorities responsible for water management – MARDE and its subdivisions as Water Agency “Apele Moldovei”, State Hydrometerological Service (SHS), recently established National Agency of Environment”, Agency for Geology and Mineral Resources, local public authorities, water users, NGO sector.

The core of this plan is the Programme of Measures (PoM), which aims achieving the environmental objectives established for all water bodies and ecosystems (to achieve good status). A key component of the RBMP represents analysis of main pressures and impact on water bodies, which results from the identification of specific problems and their origin, what can include the water bodies at risk of failing to achieve the established environmental objectives. According to EU WFD three major types of pressure are distinguished: point source pollution; diffuse source pollution and hydro-morphological alterations. Costs of implementing PoM were drafted in synergy with ADA/SDC project.

In the RBMP, considerable attention is given to the economic analysis of water use. The use of water resources directly contributes to their impairment and implementing basic principles of WFD for cost recovery. The principle of full recovery of costs for services related to water and the use of aquatic spaces The WFD introduces the concept of full recovery and internalization of costs, including environmental costs and the cost of the resource (opportunity costs) resulting from services linked to the use of water and the sustainable maintenance of a good state of health of the associated ecosystems. The cost of the sustainable use of water and the river area should be met by the beneficiary or the owner of the activity that generates the cost.

In RBMP developing, some gaps in data and information were identified. The main problems face during development of RBMP were: the lack or access to data base regarding volumes and quality of waste water discharges, the lack of monitoring data (quantitative, hydromorphological, ecological and hydrobiological information) for all water bodies, delineation and mapping of protection areas for water abstractions points, poor collaboration and cooperation between national institutions involved in the management and monitoring of water resources, poor experience is development of RBMP and necessity in water management experts, etc. Some of these problems have been partially solved in the EPIRB project and continued in the frame of EUWI plus East project (2016-2020), by organizing trainings and filed expeditions for surface and ground waters and the contributions to improving of existing monitoring system in the line of WFD and national legislation.

The River Basin Management Plan for the Danube-Prut and Black Sea River Basin District supports data management activities and contributed for establishing water information system based on SEIS and WISE principles.

Next steps:

With this important step of the adoption of this first generation of RBMP, Moldova can focus on implementation and deepening this official entrance of the country in a continuous improvement process with the support of EUWI plus East project. 


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 Country description

The national policy for water resources aims to prevent the degradation of water resources at all levels, taking into consideration social and economic changes, national plans and current trends in regions and river basins. 

 The Water Law No. 272 of 23 December, 2011 and some 20 sub-law regulations supersede the Water Code (1993), and create a legal framework for the management, protection and efficient use of surface water and groundwater. This legal framework is partially harmonized with the EU directives.

 The Government also adopted some new Strategies giving orientations and objectives for the water sector (among others): National Development Strategy «Moldova 2020»; New Environmental Strategy for 2014-2023 (April 2014), promoting sustainable development and green economy (Section 2 of the Strategy); New Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) Strategy for 2014-2028.

Moldova  is  a  signatory  part  of several international conventions and  partnerships, relevant  for  the  water  sector: partnership  and  cooperation agreement  with  EU,  Espoo Convention, Helsinki  Convention, Protocol  on  Water  and  Health,  ICPDR  Convention, Protocol  on  Civil  Liability, Aarhus  Convention, bilateral  agreements with  Ukraine and Romania etc.

 Republic of Moldova, under the EU Association Agreement from 2014, is also committing to the following actions:

  1. Development of provisions of the River Basin Management Authority (Article 3 of Directive 2000/60/EU); should be implemented before July 2019.
  2. Determination of areas of river basins and the creation of mechanisms of international rivers, lakes (Article 3); should be implemented before July 2022.
  3. Analysis of the characteristics of river basin districts (Article 5); should be implemented before July 2022.
  4. Introduction of water quality monitoring programs (Article 8); should be implemented before July 2022.
  5. Preparation of river basin management plans, conduction of a public consultation process and publication of these plans (Article 13 and 14); should be implemented before July 2024.

 Project Ambition

  • Assessment and compliance testing of the RBMP of Danube-Prut and Black Sea District
  • Monitoring programme design based on water bodies
  • Data flow management for RBM Planning
  • System for monitoring of the future implementation of the Programme of Measures of the RBMP of Danube-Prut and Black Sea District
  • Develop key pilot actions for Programme of Measures' implementation
  • Programme of Measures / Actions refining
  • Harmonisation of RBMPlans for the Prut basin between Moldova, Romania and Ukraine in line with ICPDR framework
  • Strengthening of stakeholders' involvement mechanisms for participative RBM Planning
  • Development and support to implementation of a Communication Strategy
  • Methodological support and capacity building on key aspect of EU water related directive implementation, etc.

 Targeted Results

  • Assessment of Danube-Prut and Black Sea RBMP regarding the requirements of the WFD.
  • Reviewed and revised monitoring network (sites, parameter, frequency)
  • Recommendations report for the development and strengthening of national water database
  • Dashboard or other tools (including a list of indicators) for evaluating the programme of measures' implementation progress
  • Support the refinement of Danube-Prut and Black Sea RBMP compliant with the WFD.
  • Updated and improved national guidelines for RBMPlanning in coherence with the Moldovan context.
  • Harmonisation of Prut RBMPs with Ukraine and Romania.
  • PoM draft implementation report
  • Support for the implementation of selected measures on the Prut basin.
  • Sufficient monitoring data available (gap filling) to support the review/update of the existing Danube-Prut and Black Sea RBMP.
  • Ecological status classification system developed for all relevant biological quality elements.
  • Development of practices and progressive institutionalisation of stakeholder involvement mechanisms for implementation of the EU water-related acquis, IWRM and MEAs
  • Methodological and technical support for stakeholder involvement in River Basin Management Planning provided
  • Communication strategy in place at basin, national and regional scale to efficiently support IWRM among main interested parties and up to the wide public
  • Support implementation of communication activities in line with the strategy (RBC meetings, Awareness raising events, Information materials, Websites, Press-releases, Social media, E-learning, Workshops) at basin, national and regional scale
  • Mechanism for sharing information among project partners is developed (e.g. web based EUWIplusEast information exchange platform, online collaboration tools, etc)
  • Training on economic instruments, water audit, strategic and mid-term planning conducted, training materials developed
  • Training session and coaching on animation technics to conduct consultation workshops organised

 Information Letters

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