Country description

Harmonisation of standards of Ukraine with EU in the sphere of water management, and particularly, the development of integrated water resources management is one of the priorities of Ukrainian ecological policy.

Water relations in Ukraine are regulated by Water Code, the Law of Ukraine "On Nature Environment Protection"and the other legislative acts.

The Water Code of Ukraine from June 6, 1995 of No. 213/95-BP was already adopting an integrated basin approach (Cf. Art.1) by taking into account “all waters” within the Ukraine territory, specifies the ownership of groundwater and surface waters and regulates the management, the conservation and use of the water resources. It also regulates the institutional competencies between governmental stakeholders in water sector. The last edition from 28/12/2014 together with the amendments passed on 4 October 2016 has completed the harmonization with the WFD.

The current legal framework for EU-Ukraine relations is provided by the Association Agreement (AA), which replaced Partnership and Co-operation Agreement (PCA) in 2014. The signing of the political part of the agreement on 21 of March 2014 made step forward implementation of the results of 10 years work of Ukraine on harmonization / approximation of environmental legislation1 to the EU legislation, including EU water legislation, particularly the EU WFD.

Under this AA, Ukraine is to transpose 6 water related directives: Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC, EU Floods Directive 2007/60/EC, Marine Strategy Framework Directive 2008/56/EC, Urban Waste Water Directive 91/271/EEC, Drinking Water Directive 98/83/EC and Nitrates Directive 91/676/EEC. There is implementation plan for all of these directives. Most importantly, the water code was revised on 4/10/2016 to transpose WFD, Floods Directive and nitrates directive. In addition there are working groups constituted for drafting of secondary legislation, with the support of EU-funded APENA project.

In 2009, the State Programme on Water Sector Development up to 2020 was adopted. This addresses climate change adaptation issues, and the implementation of river basin management principles. The main directions of the National Water Program are:

  • Development of water management and land-melioration by improving ecological status of drained and irrigated areas
  • Providing rural population with centralized water-supply
  • Protection rural settlements and agricultural land from negative water influence
  • Integrated flood control and protection areas within the Tisza, Dnister, Prut and Siret river basins
  • Ecological enhancement of the Dnipro river basin and drinking water quality improvement
  • Implementation of integrated river basin approach in water management.

 Project Ambition

  • Dnieper Water Resource Strategy
  • Delineation and typology
  • Pressures and Impact assessment
  • Environmental objectives and risk assessment
  • Programme of Measures
  • Data flow management
  • Public consultation and adoption
  • Surveys and EsCS development
  • Develop key pilot measure
  • Development of Communication Strategy
  • Implementaion of Communication Strategy
  • RBC establishment and support

 Targeted Results

  • Support the development of Dnieper River Basin Management Scheme in line with the WFD
  • Reviewed / revised GWB delineation.
  • Re-delineation of SWBs due to shift to WFD system B,
  • SW Typology reviewed / revised.
  • Revised guidelines to support further national implementation.
  • Reviewed GW and SW risk assessment as basis for the programme of measures and the revision of monitoring networks
  • Environmental objectives identified.
  • Reviewed and revised status assessment procedure towards WFD compliance.
  • Water body status assessed
  • Harmonisation of RBM Plans in Prut and Pripyat transboundary basins improved
  • Support the development of pilot Pripyat RBMP and Programme of Measures compliant with the WFD
  • Updated and improved national guidelines to be in coherence with the Ukrainian context.
  • Training program established and implemented for up-scaling Pripyat experience to Dnieper and other Ukrainian Districts.
  • Recommendations about strengthening data management at National and Dnieper basin levels
  • Public consultations on RBMPs and other relevant documentation linked to participative RBMPlanning conducted
  • Training session and coaching on animation technics to conduct consultation workshops organised
  • Guidelines on public participation in the relation with the WFD elaborated
  • Sufficient monitoring data available (gap filling) to support the development of the Prypjat, Upper Dnieper and Middle Dnieper RBMP.
  • Ecological status classification system developed for all relevant biological quality elements.
  • Support implementation of “soft” selected measures.
  • Dashboard (or other tool) for regular monitoring of Programme of Measures implementation.
  • Communication strategy in place at basin, national and regional scale to efficiently support IWRM among main interested parties and up to the wide public
  • Communication activities (RBC meetings, Awareness raising events, Information materials, Websites, Press-releases, Social media, E-learning, Workshops) at basin, national and regional scale implemented
  • External project communication assured and developed in synergy with the communication strategy implementation
  • Mechanism for sharing information among project partners is developed (e.g. web based EUWIplusEast information exchange platform, online collaboration tools, etc)
  • Development of practices and progressive institutionalisation of stakeholder involvement mechanisms for implementation of the EU water-related  acquis, IWRM and MEAs
  • Methodological and technical support for stakeholder involvement in River Basin Management Planning provided

 Information Letters

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