RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT PLAN IN UKRAINE
In Ukraine, the EU-funded programme EUWI+ is working on the development of 1 very large river basin: Dnipro (Dnieper) river basin. Ukrainian and international EUWI+ experts are working on the development of a draft River Basin Management Plan Part 1- Significant Water Management Issues (the first steps of RBMP up to the chapter on “environmental objectives”).
This section explains what an RBMP is, and gives more information about RBMP development and implementation in Ukraine (documents, maps key figures).
First Part of the Dnipro River Basin Management Plan finalised in the frame of the EUWI+ project
The full Dnipro river basin covers an area of 296,320 km2 within the territory of Ukraine. It represents more than twice the size of the total area covered by the other 7 basins where EUWI + is developing RBMPs (111,325 km2). In order to improve the planning process, this large Dnipro river basin is divided into four smaller ones, which correspond to the territory of the 4 existing “BUVR” (River Basin Authorities) in Ukraine:
Developing planning capacities at local level will help have a better understanding of how the ecosystem and human activities impact each other (the “diagnosis” of the river basin) on one hand, and on the other hand it will help better determine which measures need to be implemented to ensure a more sustainable development. Ukrainian BUVR operating at the basin level are the main coordinators for the elaboration fo the diagnosis and the implementation of future measures.
Pripyat River Basin
Desna Upper Dnipro River Basin
Middle Dnipro River Basin
Lower Dnipro River Basin
Training material on RBMP
- Guidance to identify relevant methodological documents on WFD implementation and RBMP development (ENG)
- Economics and the environment - The implementation challenge of the WFD (RU) translation of the guidance document n°1 from the Common Implementation Strategy for the Water Framework Directive
- Protected areas identification and mapping, setting of environmental objectives and monitoring
River Basin Management Plan: a tool to achieve sustainable water management
Achieving sustainable water management requires a multidisciplinary, holistic approach that addresses technical, environmental, economic, societal and cultural issues.
A River Basin Management Plan is a guiding document that ensures this holistic, global approach to water management: it considers various economic, social and ecological aspects on a specific river basin to guide the development of appropriate sustainable water management measures, strategies and policies.
This document is developed using a “participative approach”, which involves bringing together multiple stakeholders with various viewpoints to determine how water should best be managed. This is done through basin council meetings, other stakeholder meetings, and wider public consultations.
EUWI+ and beneficiaries work with a wide range of responsible bodies, industries, stakeholders and citizens to build partnerships and deliver improvements in sustainable water management.
River Basin Management Plan: 1 planning document, 2 main steps
A RBMP is a planning document that has to be developed first and then updated every 6 years (planning cycle)
Developing this guiding document involves two general steps:
1. Diagnosis: how does the river basin work and what is causing problems or risks?
- General description of the basin, water body identification
- Pressures and impact assessment2
2. Programme of measures: How can we improve it?
- Definition of objectives to improve water quality and quantity and timeline for their achievement
- Design (and then adaption) of monitoring programmes and networks
Public and stakeholder consultations are organised throughout the RBMP development process: they ensure public awareness of working plan outcomes and the joint development of solutions to problems. Public comments and opinions are actively sought via consultation mechanisms (oral such as consultation meetings, or written through surveys and feedbacks).